In 2007 the project was concluded. L’analyse sectorielle montre que pour le KfW, AFD and the European Commission jointly finance this sanitation programme at a total cost of 81.5 million EUR for 19 wastewater treatment plants and 130 sewage pumping stations in 11 governorates. a) The continuous development and mobilization of available water resources in order to reach a mobilization rate of 95%. Les résultats montrent que le prix de l’eau potable ne constitue pas un outil d’incitation à la baisse de sa consommation. Tunisia has achieved the highest access rates to water supply and sanitation services among the Middle East and North Africa. 74% des eaux de surface sont situées dans le nord du pays (Figure 3). It was financed together with KfW development bank, which contributed USD 17.5 million, while the World Bank financed USD 103 million. The closing date of the project is planned for the year 2012. In 1997 the World Bank approved the Greater Tunis Sewerage and Reuse project. 296 likes. Two main strategic options were identified and implemented: the 10 years strategy of water resources mobilization (2001–2011) initiated for the 1st time in 1990, and the long-term strategy (2030). The measures taken were expected to significantly improve the productivity of agriculture and increase access to drinking water for rural population. [5], Drinking water tariffs are uniform throughout the country. Watch Queue Queue Moreover, this financing will ensure the supply of water to the entire population until 2040. External partners play a major role in the development of the water and sanitation sector in Tunisia. 96 % des citadins et 52 % de la population rurale ont accès à l'assainissement amélioré. [23] Sanitation fees are invoiced and collected by SONEDE. [13] Out of the available surface water resources of 2100 hm3, only about 1220 hm3 are expected to be captured for actual use. This is an important point as in the majority of other developing countries sanitation is neglected with respect to water supplies. The treated wastewater will be reused for farming purposes. [28][29][30][31][32] KfW contributed in 2009 with an amount of 1 Million Euro for tariff studies and measures to strengthen participation by user groups. Enregistrement gratuit de CV. Eau potable en Tunisie Toute la Tunisie est quasiment équipée d’eau potable, à part quelques exceptions rarissimes situées dans des zones rurales éloignées des zones touristiques. The EIB has signed a EUR 100 million, 20-year loan agreement with PWN, the company that manages the drinking water supply in most of the province of Noord-Holland in The Netherlands. All users, except for the tourism industry, are subject to paying the above variable tariffs. Comunicados de prensa; Publicaciones; Cartas electrónicas; Mediateca. Scribd es red social de lectura y publicación más importante del mundo. The impact of such a project will be significant for the local population – approximately 2.8 million residents of Greater Tunis and the three governorates of Ben Arous, Manouba and Ariana will benefit in the short term. The project will finance the improvement of urban sewerage services and drinking water supply services. Fototeca 2. Our website uses anonymised cookies to give you the best browser experience and to collect aggregated statistics. The tenders for the 50,000 cubic meter/day plant in Djerba financed through a loan by German development bank KfW were opened in April 2014, with an option to increase capacity by another 25,000 cubic meter/day. The Centre and South successively followed, 1977 and 1983 respectively. Resumen de Le service de l´eau potable en Tunisie: Le modèle de régulation tarifaire face aux défis futurs Sarra Touzi, Bernard Barraqué, Sebástien Treyer. The corollary is that The following table shows the perspective concerning water resources in Tunisia: In 2003, the Ministry of Agriculture published the Water Master Plan for the water sector[4] The project includes the improvement of conventional as well as non-conventional water sources (reclaimed water and brackish water) in rural areas. The price of drinking water for the tourism industry is 1.315 DT/m3 regardless of consumption. The main objective of the project was to promote integrated water resources management, together with a better policy for water resources conservation. Eighteen existing dams, 21 projected dams and 235 hillside dams are expected to augment the available supply but rapid sedimentation of reservoirs will progressively reduce storage capacity and shorten life. [19] According to estimations for the year 2030 by the Ministry of Agriculture, the demand of water would be stabilized of 2.7  km3 per year, even if the supposed population of Tunisia in 2030 will be about 13 million people and given today's regular demand would result in a demand of 3.1  km3 per year. As of 2011, access to safe drinking water became close to universal approaching 100% in urban areas and 90% in rural areas. [5], In 2015, 98% of Tunisian population had access to "improved water", 100% of the urban population and 93% of the rural population. Sometimes, these requests are refused. Eau Potable Et Assainissement En Tunisie [Miller, Frederic P.] on Amazon.com.au. The National Water Supply Authority in Tunisia (SONEDE) is responsible for the provision of water supply services in Tunisia. From poverty to prosperity: our development impact. In 2000 the World Bank approved the first water sector investment project (PISEAU) implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources with a total cost of 258 million USD. The Concerning the sector financing, the situation in Tunisia represent is shown in the figure below[21] in MTD. You are here. As of September 2016, the variable part of the drinking water tariffs in Tunisia was as follows:[24], The exchange rate of the Tunisian Dinar to the US Dollar is 1.00 TND = $0.604 US.[25]. [4], Labor productivity. Farmers participate in decision-making through Agricultural Development Groups (ADGs) for irrigation and drinking water. Contact one of our intermediaries! [8], Tunis, the capital of Tunisia is able to provide 24-hour water with a supply of 110 litres per capita and day. The Decennial Water Resources Mobilization Strategy (1990–2000): For example, the state repays the principal of its loans while ONAS must service only the interest. [19] Its hydraulic works section, the Diréction Générale des Grands Barrages et des Grands Travaux Hydrauliques (DGBGTH), is responsible for the construction of major water resources projects.[13]. [9] The continuity of supply is very good with respect to regional standards as it ensures good quality water throughout the year and has the lowest percentage of non-revenue water in the region. [14] The largest wastewater treatment plant is situated in Choutrana with a daily performance of 120,000 m3. Since 1993, ONAS got the status of a main operator for protection of water environment and combating pollution. Responsibility for the water supply systems in urban areas and large rural centres is assigned to the Sociéte Nationale d'Exploitation et de Distribution des Eaux (SONEDE), a national water supply authority that is an autonomous public entity under the Ministry of Agriculture. [38][39], Tunis West sewerage. En signant cette pétition, vous manifestez votre solidarité envers ces familles vulnérables n'ayant pas accès à l' eau potable e t vous contribuez à la création de puits dans ces villages du Nord-Ouest de la Tunisie. Enregistrement gratuit de CV. C'est pour nous une priorité majeure de leur venir en aide. [23], Planning and investment for the allocation of drinking water in rural areas is conducted by the Direction Générale du Genie Rurale (DGGR), which acts in the framework of the Ministry of Agriculture and user associations (Groupements d’intérêt collectif (GIC)). Out of all relevant programs, the following national policies can be deduced:[21]. The European Investment Bank (EIB), the financing institution of the European Union, has announced that it has signed two finance contracts totalling €38 million with Tunisia and the National Water Distribution Utility (SONEDE) to secure the drinking water supply in Greater Tunis, including the capital, Tunis – which is also the capital of the Tunis governorate – and the three governorates of Ben Arous, Manouba and Ariana. Germany co-finances projects with other external partners in the water sector through financial cooperation projects implemented by KfW. The complementary strategy (2001–2011): TD (2012) for drinking water in urban areas, corresponding to about 9 USD/capita/year, For Water Resources and Supply: The Ministry of Agriculture and Hydraulic Resources. [13] Tunisia is a water stressed country with per capita renewable water availability of 486 m3—well below the average of 1200 m³/capita for the Middle East and North Africa Region (MENA) region. sanitation prices are high with respect to regional standards, showing a sustained effort in the collection of costs which is absent in almost all other developing countries.[4]. The more frequent and prolonged drought periods that are expected in the near future, will impact drinking water production and distribution. SONEDE runs an annual deficit of TND82 million ($50 million). A quarter of the utilities’ debt is owed by public institutions. Tunisia is facing a steady increase in water needs – around 3% each year – due to the demographic and urban expansion of Greater Tunis and its tourism, industrial and commercial development, particularly with the new Financial Harbour. [17] In 1996, 86% of the water withdrawals were from agriculture. [27], A follow-up project (PISEAU II) was supported by the African Development Bank with €22.91 million ($31.3 million), as well as by AFD (USD 61 million) and the World Bank (USD 31 million). The investments are needed to anticipate the effects of climate change on PWN’s business model. En Tunisie l'eau du robinet est potable, on peut la boire sans prb, elle peut avoir un petit goût, mais elle n'est pas nocive et ne contribue pas à engendrer des problèmes gastriques ou autres En Tunisie … Mrs El Hazgmi, a housewife and mother of three children, lives in Palace, a hamlet in Mornag province. Between 1990 and 2011, access to water increased from 81% to 96%, while the access to sanitation increased from 75% to 90%. The cost of this ten-year strategy approached two billion US dollars. Tunisia has achieved the highest access rates to water supply and sanitation services among the Middle East and North Africa. Apart from this, the population of the province of Noord-Holland is growing, and drinking water demand with it. The Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources developed these Plans, which is also responsible for the implementation and allocation of water resources. And avoid the two-hour journey on foot to fetch water from a public well. [12] Au total, 59% du potentiel sont situés dans le nord, 19% dans le centre et 23% dans le sud. KfW contributes a EUR 55 million loan, AFD a EUR 18.5 million loan and the EU Commission a EUR 8 million grant. Currently, 7,000 hectares (17,000 acres), planted primarily with orchards and for livestock feed, use treated water for irrigation consistent with national law. d) The further development of non-conventional water resources through expanding the use of treated wastewater in agriculture and desalinating brackish water for uses across all sectors. e) The protection of water resources against pollution and over-exploitation. The closing date of the project is planned for the year 2015. The EIB will invest €80 million in the Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project (IAIP) to extend the water supply and irrigation network in several provinces across Cambodia. The long-term strategy (until 2030): The national water distribution utility (SONEDE) and the Ministry of Health undertake this monitoring. The project consists of five components: Irrigation management, groundwater management, water conservation and environmental protection, rural drinking water supply, and institutional strengthening and capacity building. [4] The quality of the water supplied by SONEDE and GBRE/ACI in rural areas varies according to local conditions. Engaging with civil society organisations. All drinking water tariffs are subject to an 18% value added tax. (see under multi-donor projects). b) The integrated management of water resources, in particular the enhancement of transferring excess water volumes from rainy periods to seasons of drought. Regarding sanitation, in 2015, 92% of the population had access to "improved" sanitation, 98% and 80%, urban and rural population, respectively. [4], Tunisia provides a good drinking water quality throughout the year. SONEDE is a public non-administrative entity placed under supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture, Environment, and Hydraulic Resources (MAERH). Since 1993, ONAS got the status of a main operator for protection of water environment and combating pollution. Eau Potable et Assainissement en Tunisie: Amazon.es: Miller, Frederic P., Vandome, Agnes F., McBrewster, John: Libros en idiomas extranjeros [12] Before the Arab spring, defaulting on water bills was only about 4-5%, but it fell to 30% in the aftermath of the revolution. 84% of all groundwater resources have salinity of more than 1500 mg/l, and 30% of the shallow aquifers more than 4000 mg/l. Le potentiel en eau bleue est constitué à 55% d’eaux de surface et à 45% d’eaux souterraines. Conseil lettre de motivation, annuaire formation et métier de l'environnement, CV-thèque de l’eau en Tunisie..... 103 Axe de recommandations 1 : Identifier la forme de participation du secteur privé selon l’objectif ... de l’eau potable tunisien ..... 14 0.2. Eau Potable: Approvisionnement En Eau Et Assainissement En Colombie, Eau Du Robinet, Eau Potable Et Assainissement En Tunisie, Eau: Source Wikipedia, Livres Groupe: Amazon.com.mx: Libros Infos 17 Juillet 2016. To date, private participation in the water sector is limited to a contracting programme. Subscribe and receive monthly updates of the EIB’s activities around the world. It still remains to be decided if the large plants in Ziarat and Sfax, with a capacity of 100,000 and 200,000 cubic meter per day respectively, will be financed through loans or by the private sector through Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) contracts. Improving lives and creating jobs around the world. It partly consists of similar measures compared to the mobilization strategy, aiming at reaching a mobilization rate of 95%. The total project cost is €122 million ($167.56 million). Furthermore, the project promotes the reduction of urban pollution and the coastal degradation through the introduction of new technologies and technical assistance. The fixed part of the tariff depends on the diameter of the water meter. This strategy was devised and implemented in order to provide integrated control of potential water sources. In 1974, ONAS has been established in order to manage the sanitation sector. [1], According to the Tunisian Ministry of Development and International Cooperation, in 2006 92.6% of the population had access to drinking water in homes. [1], Tunisia has achieved the highest access rates to water supply and sanitation services among the MENA countries through sound infrastructure policy. In 2006 the World Bank approved the Tunis West Sewerage project. The strategy attempts to realize long-term objectives, in particular the sustainable balance of demand and available water resources. Le service de l’eau potable en Tunisie se distingue par ses bonnes performances, officiellement attribuées à une gestion publique centralisée et à la politique sociale menée dans le secteur depuis plus de quarante ans. The rate of non-revenue water is the lowest in the region at 21% in 2012. These financing agreements reflect the EIB’s strong commitment to financing modern and sustainable infrastructure and will help improve water quality and health for millions of Tunisians. Cette dernière s’est appuyée essentiellement sur une double péréquation : territoriale et entre niveaux de consommation. Compared to other North African countries, Tunisia has developed and adopted numerous laws and plans regarding its water resources not only recently. It supports the upgrading of the primary and secondary networks in Greater Tunis; the expansion and rehabilitation of the sanitation systems in the towns of Monastir, Mahdia, Gabès, Medenine, Tataouine and Gafsa; extension of the South Hammamet treatment plant; construction of three wastewater treatment plants in the towns of Enfidha/Hergla, Menzel Temime and Tazarka/Somâa/ Mâamoura.[36]. [26], The investments of ONAS should go from 390 million TD in the 9th Plan to 525 million TD in the 10th Plan, i.e. It is being co-financed by the Agence française de développement through a partnership under the Mutual Reliance Initiative, which is led by the EIB. Tunisia - Fourth Water Supply Project : Tunisie - Evaluation du Projet D'adduction D'eau Potable Pour le Nord (French) *FREE* shipping on eligible orders. The Directorate of Rural Engineering is responsible for sanitation in rural zones not covered by ONAS, and the municipalities are responsible for collecting and disposing of solid waste as well as drainage systems for the flow of rainwater. Forage d'eau en Tunisie. Tunisie: Kairouan: 175 écoles sans eau potable Dénonçant la décision du ministère de l’éducation, selon laquelle la rentrée scolaire se fera d’une manière progressive, le Forum Tunisien pour les Droits Economiques et Sociaux, section Kairouan, a déclaré que le ministère n’a pas pris en considération la situation des écoles en milieu rural. Le service de l’eau potable en Tunisie se distingue par ses bonnes performances, officiellement attribuees a une gestion publique centralisee et a la politique sociale menee dans le secteur depuis plus de quarante ans. Water Master Plans (WMP) exist already since 1970, when a first WMP was drafted for the Northern part of Tunisia, as this is the region containing most of the resources and related activities. The Ministry of Agriculture and Hydraulic Resources sets policies concerning conventional water resources in Tunisia, while the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development governs sanitation, wastewater and environmental planning. français. [13], Table 1 shows accessible (A) and available water (B) in Tunisia in hm3 per year for different time-horizons[14][15], The government plans to build four seawater desalination plants in Djerba, Kerkennah, Zaarat near Gabes and Sfax. The decennial strategy is divided into two 5-year plans, the Xth development plan (2002–2006) and the XIth development plan (2007–2011). It is planned that the supply will reach 4.6 km3 by 2010. Home. SONEDE covers its operation and maintenance costs (and a small fraction of the investment costs) with its revenues. This project reflects the major efforts of the Tunisian authorities in the area of water and sanitation in line with the National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and the Tunisia National Development Plan 2016-2020, specifically the “Green Economy, Pillar of Sustainable Development” component. Planning and implementing of sanitation sector programs and integrated wastewater treatment & storm water disposal projects; Construction, operation and maintenance of facilities intended for the sanitation of towns assigned to ONAS by decree; Sale and distribution of sub-products such as treated wastewater and sludge, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 03:00. [10] Drinking water quality is monitored from production to distribution from bacteriological and physico-chemical quality. The project was made possible by the EU guarantee under the External Lending Mandate. c) Water saving and the control of demand across all sectors. La Société Nationale d'Exploitation et la Distribution des Eaux a annoncé le 18 décembre 2020 dans un communiqué rendu publique que la ville de Sejnane, sa banlieue, les régions de Sakman, Hsainia, Msaken, Tamera et sa banlieue vont toutes subir des perturbations et des interruptions de l'approvisionnement en eau potable, à partir de midi le dimanche 20 décembre 2020. The closing date of the project is planned for the year 2012. Compared to the SONEDE investments in the water sector, investment in the sanitation sector remains higher. The Office National de l'Assainissement (ONAS),is responsible for the sanitation in cities, industrial and tourist zones. Through the management and development of water resources, available water resources increased from 2.76 km3 in 1991 to 3.525 km3 in 2000. [12] The number of waste water treatment plants has gradually risen in the last decade and it is expected to reach 83 in 2006. The total installed capacity of the plants is 381,000 cubic meter/day at a cost of 620 million Tunisian Dinar. techniques de forage. Treated Wastewater Use in Tunisia: Lessons learned and the Road Ahead, Shobba Shetty, The World Bank, Jakarta, Indonesia, Earth Trends, The Environmental Information Portal – Water Resources and Freshwater Ecosystems- Country Profile- Tunisia, Water Governance Program for Arab States, Draft terms of reference national needs assessment in Tunisia, UNDP, Centre National de la Recherche scientifique- Les resources en eaux en Tunisie Bilan et Perspective, extrait de la letter n° 16, Etat, Defis Majeurs et Axes Strategiques du secteur de l'eau en Tunisie, Rapport National de "Ministère de l’agriculture et des ressources hydrauliques, Republique Tunisienne" Mekki HAMZA, Novembre 2006, Mapping the Accountability Framework of a Utility to Actors in the Environment, Capacity Building Module, attributes of well-performing water utilities, case study Tunisia, The African Development Bank, Tunis 11 December 2008, "Joint Monitoring Programme for Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation", Etude sur la participation privée dans les infrastructures en Tunisie, Tunisian Ministry of Development and International Cooperation from 2006, Water Reuse in Tunisia: stakes and prospects, Evolution institutionnelle et réglementaire de la gestion de l’eau en Tunisie, "Tunisia spring-cleans its water finances", "Projects - Tunisia : Water Sector Investment Loan Project", Projects - Tunisia : sector investment project (PISEAU II), €23 Million Loan to Finance Water Sector project in Tunisia, Le Quotidien:Mobilisation des ressources hydrauliques: Le «PISEAU 2» entre en action, World Bank: Tunisia Water Sector Investment Loan Project, "Projects - Tunisia : Second water sector investment loan", "Network rehabilitation and extension and capacity building of ONAS", "Projects - Tunisia : Rehabilitation and extension of 19 WWTPs", "Projects - Tunisia : ONAS 4 rehabilitation project", "Projects - Tunisia : Greater tunis sewerage and reuse project", "Projects - Tunisia : Urban water supply project", "Projects - Tunisia : Tunis west sewerage", SONEDE (National Water Distribution Utility), Responsibilities in Latin America and the Caribbean, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Water_supply_and_sanitation_in_Tunisia&oldid=989630842, Articles with French-language sources (fr), All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2010, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from March 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 70 Mio. Que vous soyez à l’hôtel, au restaurant ou au café, l’eau qui vous sera servie en bouteille est de l’eau minérale. The project aims to improve the quality of sanitation services in Greater Tunis and of the sewerage sector and promotes reuse of wastewater for irrigation and the improvement of ONAS performance through capacity building. 147. If you agree, this website section will also include third-party cookies used in online advertising. The African Development Bank co-finances projects with other external partners in the water sector (see under multi-donor projects). Des préparatifs sont en cours auprès des services de la Société nationale d’exploitation et de distribution de l’eau (), des services d’ingénierie rurale du Commissariat régional du développement agricole et de la Société tunisienne de l’électricité et du gaz (), afin d’éviter les perturbations dans l’approvisionnement en eau potable, à Sfax, durant l’été 2013. The French Development Agency co-finances projects with other external partners in the water sector (see under multi-donor projects). [26] Tariffs were increased again in September 2016 by about 10 percent on average. In 1974, ONAS was established to manage the sanitation sector. The current status, major deficits and core strategies are well described in Tunisia’s country report on the water sector. La politique de l'eau potable et de l'assainissement en Tunisie a permis au pays d'atteindre le plus haut taux d'accès à l'approvisionnement et à l'assainissement de l'eau parmi les pays de l'Afrique du Nord et du Moyen-Orient, grâce à sa politique en matière d'infrastructures. Politique Tunisie: Des centaines de manifestants crient des slogans contre Ennahdha. EIB Vice-President Ricardo Mourinho Félix said: “As the EU climate bank, we are very pleased to be able to continue supporting the supply of drinking water in Tunisia and to help the country with its climate change adaptation efforts. Assistance technique pour le renforcement des capacités et la mise en œuvre et le suivi du Plan de Gestion Environnemental (PGE) des projets d’eau potable du Grand Tunis et des centres urbains : Réalisation de sessions de formation (Tunisie) Prensa - Comunicación. The Water policy in Tunisia from the beginning of the second half of the 20th century until the 1970s contained the limited mobilization of the resources – with the construction of dams and reservoirs, From the beginning of the 1980s there was an enforcement of the dam policy and application of the Plans Directeurs des Eaux (Water Master Plan).[20]. In 2005 the World Bank approved a USD 38 million loan to SONEDE for an urban water supply project in Tunisia. 13, rue Tahar-Memmi, Menzah VI, 2091 The EIB is providing Stadtwerke Halle (SWH) with a €200 million loan. They include a fixed part and a variable part that depends on the consumption of water. Only 50% of all water resources have salinity levels lower than 1500 mg/l and can be used without restriction. 134. It was only the second increase in the last ten years. Water sector investment project (PISEAU). [33], Sewage pumping stations and wastewater treatment plants rehabilitation and extension programme. [6][7], According to the Joint Monitoring Program by WHO and UNICEF, 96% of the Tunisian population had access to an improved water source and 90% to improved sanitation in 2004. Furthermore, the strategy puts an emphasis on regulation measures between wet and dry years, water and soil conservation measures, and the recharge of aquifers. The contracts were signed by Ali Kooli, Minister of Economy, Finance and Investment Support, Mosbah Helali, CEO of SONEDE and Jean-Luc Revéreault, Head of the EIB Representation for Tunisia, in the presence of Akissa Bahri, Minister of Agriculture, Water Resources and Fisheries. Join the bank that invests in the things that matter! ONAS 4 rehabilitation project. It was much higher adding the ONAS employees and thus above international standards. Greater Tunis sewerage and reuse project. Tariffs are adjusted based on proposals by SONEDE and ONAS to their respective Boards and the government (Ministry of Agriculture, Environment and Hydraulic Resources, and the Ministry of Finance). [18] The water sector is also obliged to meet the increasing water demand for all urban and rural areas, the agriculture sector as well as for touristic and industrial needs. It is not clear how the remaining resources were financed. Transparency, accountability and access to information, Intermediated loans for SMEs, mid-caps and other priorities, Investments in infrastructure and environmental funds, Guarantees in support of SMEs, mid-caps and other objectives, The European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) - financial instruments, Connecting Europe Facility Debt Instrument, Sub-Saharan Africa, Caribbean and Pacific, Environmental and Social Data Sheet (ESDS) - APPUI AU SECTEUR DE L EAU POTABLE, Netherlands: EIB further supports climate resilience of drinking water, Germany: EIB grants €200 million loan to Stadtwerke Halle, Cambodia: EIB supports improvement of water supply and irrigation infrastructure in rural Cambodia with €80 million.

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