In fact, the Arabs established one of the strongest religions which prevailed in the world and whose influence is still more vital than that of any other religion. He offered the Egyptians complete religious freedom, absolute justice and respect for their property, and imposed a fixed annual Jizyah of no more than fifteen franks per capita, as opposed to the high taxes levied by the Roman Caesars. Since the value of the civilizational influence of a nation on another is determined by the extent it develops and reforms it, the conclusion will be that the Arabs had a great influence on Sicily.”, “It is attributed to Bacon, in general, that he was the first to hold experiment and observation, the pillars of the modern scientific methodology, in the position of the instructor. Bu konuda bütün dillerde sayısız kitaplar, araştırmalar var. Gustave le Bon (1841-1921) He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. C’est pendant l’un de ses voyages qu’il rencontre les musulmans et la religion de vérité, l’Islam. Share this quote: Like Quote. We will soon see that the Arabs were credited with presenting ancient knowledge to the medieval people and that the western universities, for five centuries, had no scientific resources other than their writings. Friends Who Liked This Quote. The Fin-de-Siècle World. Cairo- His La Civilization des Arabes (the Civilization of the Arabs) is a clear witness to Islam and Islamic civilization. Download or share this Gustave Le Bon quote with your friends on facebook, linkedin, … ‘Umar ibn al-Khattâb did not harm the Christians when he entered Jerusalem (Bayt al-Maqdis), whereas when the Christians entered it, they slew the Muslims and burnt the Jews mercilessly.”, In his book, A Religious Trip in the East, monk Michaud says: “Unfortunately, the Christians learnt from the Muslims the toleration which is the sign of doing good among nations, showing respect for the creeds of others and abstention from imposing any dogma upon them by force.””, “The political ingenuity of the early caliphs was no less than the military skill they acquired very soon. Kitleler, sosyal psikolojide, "grup" genel başlığı altında, çeşitli biçimlerde incelenmektedir. ISBN 9780415674133. ; Civilization, Arab. Artikel KisahMuslim.com La psychologie des foules explique leur irrationalité.Gustave Le Bon montre en effet dans Psychologie des foules que le comportement d’une masse d’hommes diffère de ceux d’individus isolés. The numerous Christian churches they built during the Arab reign give a clear proof that the Arabs respected the creeds of other nations which submitted to their authority.”, “The Arab civilization produced by the followers of Muhammad was subject to the same norms which governed the previous civilizations in the world: emergence, evolution, decline and death. All these have gone to make it n concise yet thought-provoking work. Excerpts from Gustave Le Bon "The World of Islamic Civilization" (1974) “Islam, from among all religions, best suits the science discoveries and is the most ready to edify souls and force them to abide by justice, kindness and toleration.”. That is, he did not exterminate them entirely: he rather levied upon them a very little Jizyah and forbade the Muslims to take anything from them.”, “The Bedouin tribes in the Arab Peninsula adopted a religion brought by an unlettered person by virtue of which they established, within less than fifty years, a great state like that of Alexander and adorned it with many magnificent buildings which stand as a miraculous sign. La Fontaine au Roy, 1990, Livre deuxième, chapitre premier, Mahomet, p. 76 Gustave Le Bon. of fascist psychology (I’m thinking of Gustave Le Bon and Gabriel Tarde, but also Nietzsche, Bataille, Girard, among others I started discussing in Th e Phantom of the Ego) also noticed, have the power to spread contagiously, especially in a crowd, but now also in … Gustave le Bon (1841-1931) He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. Egypt. That the Arabs did not make other attempts to conquer this region goes back to the fact that northern France was very cold and rainy and this neither suited them nor encouraged them to stay there. It would not be verbose to refer to what is translated by monsieur Dousi about one of the Arab scholars who devoted himself in Baghdad to many lessons in philosophy attended by Jews, atheists, Magians, Muslims, Christians and others. ; Cultuurgeschiedenis. Cette histoire mal aimée jusqu'à nos jours se voit consacré un ouvrage dès 1900 par Gustave le Bon avec "La civilisation des arabes".Il y fait un exposé passionnant de la contribution des arabes aux savoirs de l'humanité. Download it The World Of Islamic Civilization books also available in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format for read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. They levied upon them only a fixed annual Jizyah as little as no more than a dinar per noble and half a dinar per slave. They announced publicly anywhere that they respected the peoples’ creeds, customs and habits and rather satisfied themselves with taking, in return for protecting those peoples, a very little Jizyah much less than what they paid to their previous masters.”, “It is they who taught, or say, tried to teach the Christians toleration, the most cherished human characteristic. The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind (French: Psychologie des Foules; literally: Psychology of Crowds) is a book authored by Gustave Le Bon that was first published in 1895.. Réimpression de l'édition de 1884 publiée à Paris par Firmin-Didot. Within less than a century, they were able to cultivate dead land, build up ruined cities, construct magnificent buildings and establish trade connections with other nations. ‘Umar entered the city in the company of only a small number of Muslims and asked Patriarch Safronius to accompany him in his tour to the holy sites. Gustave Le Bon mengatakan, “Buku-buku Arab yang telah sampai kepada kita dalam ilmu Geografi penting untuk satu tujuan, dan sebagian dasar-dasar ilmu ini menjadi pelajaran di Eropa selama berabad-abad.” (Gustave Le Bon, Hal: 469). Among his famous books is La Civilization des Arabes (The Civilization of the Arabs), one of the most fundamental books written in Europe in the modern age, impartial and objective in judgment on Arab and Islamic civilization.  Gustave La Bon, La Civilization des Arabes, (adapted from the Arabic translation), 126. In his works, he recognizes the credit of Arab and Islamic civilization on European … It was sufficient for him to wipe away the pictures hung on the Ka‘bah and cleanse it from the 360 idols which he commanded to be overturned. Among his famous books is La Civilization des Arabes (The Civilization of the Arabs), one of the most fundamental books written in Europe in the modern age, impartial and objective in judgment on Arab and Islamic civilization. Le héros inattendu est le Réserviste de 22 ans qui n'était pas sur le terrain depuis décembre 2019 Jürgen Klopp: d'abord Oliver n'a pas vu le moment, puis VAR a oublié les règles. Mahomet et le Coran (1865), Jules Barthélemy Saint-Hilaire, éd. La Civilisation des Arabes (1884), Gustave Le Bon, éd. … But even, the different peoples had never known tolerant conquerors like the Arabs nor a religion like theirs.”, “The forbearance and toleration that characterized the Arab conquerors, of which historians were ignorant, seemed to explain to what extent they were able to expand their conquests. Une édition électronique réalisée à partir du livre de Gustave Le Bon, (1841-1931) (sociologue), La civilisation des Arabes (1884). Contents. Routledge. The Fourth International Conference on Scerut was. They also embraced the religion of the Arabs and learned their language willingly. After extensive travels in Africa and Asia, he published books on anthropology and archeology, laying the foundation for his masterpieces The First Civilisations of Orient and the Arabic Civilisation. In spite of carrying the sword to spread their religion, they left those who did not like to adopt it free with their own religious precepts.”, According to Michaud in his History of the Crusades, “The Qur’an which enjoins Jihâd upon the Muslims shows great toleration towards the followers of other religions. In his works, he recognizes the credit of Arab and Islamic civilization on … . Gustave Le Bon was a French doctor and sociologist. According to Robertson in his History of Charlemagne, “The great zeal the Muslims (from among all men of religions) had for their religion went side by side with a spirit of toleration toward the followers of other religions. During the 9th and 10th centuries, when Arab civilization in Spain was very bright, the centers of culture in the West were no more than towers inhabited by brutal seniors proud of being unlettered. Er gilt als einer der Begründer der Massenpsychologie, einem Teilgebiet der Sozialpsychologie. This is why the credit of Muhammad on the Arabs was extremely great.”, One of the greatest personalities known in history, “Since the value of men is measured with what they do of glorious deeds, Muhammad is one of the greatest personalities known in history. Des préjugés religieux ont empêché bien des historiens de reconnaître l'importance de son oeuvre ; mais les écrivains chrétiens eux-mêmes commencent aujourd'hui à lui rendre justice. Muhammad forbade killing monks because they devoted themselves to worship. The Arabs abided by these conditions so much that the Egyptians loved them after they had bitterly suffered from the injustice of the Christian Caesars of Constantinople. In his works, he recognizes the credit of Arab and Islamic civilization on European and Western civilization, not only by transmitting the Greek and Indian cultures but also by making its own tradition. Recommend to friends. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. Among his famous books is La Civilization des ArabesLa Civilization des Arabes Gustave Le Bon fut un très grand voyageur et n’a cessé de parcourir le monde à la recherche d’autres cultures. In his book, The Arab Civilization, the French historian, Gustave Le Bon described the Crusaders, entry into Jerusalem, saying: The 'Crusaders' behavior, when they entered Jerusalem, was quite different from that of the tolerant Caliph Omar bin Al-Kattaab towards the Christians when he entered the city a few centuries ago .23 In turn, the priest of Bolol City, Raymond Dagile, described this incident in history by … Voltaire, Gustave Le Bon, Indian Left, Islam, Hinduism I have always argued that Indian JNU and AMU think tank is not a leftist think tank but a gang of Islamist and self serving non-Muslim mercenaries veiled as communist. p. 450. Few are the ethnic groups which rose and declined like the Arabs. He imposed only a little Jizyah on them. Ditulis oleh Nurfitri Hadi, M.A. islam and the psychology of the muslim a reprint of: islam and the psychology of the musulman andre servier translated by a. s. moss-blundell with a preface by louis bertrand ... were able to regard themselves as the le-gitimate heirs of Rome. Politically, they founded one of the greatest states known in history and civilized Europe culturally and morally. Gustave le Bon (1841-1931) He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. Concernant l’Islam, ses principes et son dogme, voilà ce qu’il en dit : This quote is about muhammad, islam, muhammad-pbuh,. If it happened that some Christians embraced Islam and took Arabic as their language, this was due to the justice they saw from the victorious Arabs the like of which they did not see from their previous masters, in addition to the ease of Islam which they knew not before.”, “It has been proven throughout history that religions cannot be imposed by force.  Gustave La Bon, La Civilization des Arabes, 135. To see what your friends thought of this quote, please sign up! In spite of the fact that the Arab civilization perished much like the previous ones, nothing affected the religion of the Prophet which still has the same influence it had in the past and the same great authority over souls, although other older religions lose day after day something of their power.”, “Saladin did not like to follow, with the Crusaders, the same barbarous approach their ancestors had followed with the Muslims. “We see from the Qur’anic verses that Muhammad’s toleration with the Jews and Christians was so great as none among the founders of the religions before him, of Judaism or Christianity, had never been, and we would see how his successors followed his method in this respect. … Meanwhile, the Arabs well ruled the Spaniards, the same as they had done with those of Syria and Egypt. Want to Read. Since the very first events, they contacted the native inhabitants of the neighboring territories who, suffering for long centuries from the transgression of their conquerors, were willing to receive, with warmth and gladness, any new conqueror to lighten the severe pressure from them. Social scientists have developed several different theories for explaining crowd psychology and the ways in which the psychology of the crowd differs significantly from that of the individuals within it, including the notion of the Collective Unconscious. Dautre part, Le Bon dégage une i… Pensées brèves (1918); Psychologie des temps nouveaux (1920); Le déséquilibre du monde (1923); Les incertitudes de l’heure présente (1923); Bases scientifiques d’une philosophie de l’histoire (1931); and others. ^ Saler, Michael (2015). Tudor Publishing Company, 1974 - Architecture, Islamic - 141 pages. Gustave Le Bon “Muhammad met all the harming and torturing with patience and endurance.” “Muhammad treated the people of Quraysh, who were his enemies for twenty years, with tolerance and kindness. Gustave Le Bon. citations from Islam and the World and Muhammad Rasu/111/ali since it would have not been worthwilile to re-write these passages in a different phrase. سلسلة «نصيحتي لك» يقدم فيها فضيلة الأستاذ الدكتور راغب السرجاني لفتات وومضات سريعة من الشريعة لكل مسلم، ما أحوجنا إليها الآن وفي كل آن!  Gustave La Bon, La Civilization des Arabes, 618. http://video.islamstory.com/en/artical/25652. That toleration was recognized by some European scholars who had doubts or those few in number who believed and gazed at the history of the Arabs. This seemed clearer in Egypt whose Persian, Greek and Roman conquerors did not succeed in changing the ancient Pharaonic civilization and replacing it with their own.”, “The Arabs of Spain had ideal chivalry by virtue of their great toleration. Author Le Bon, Gustave, 1841-1931 Subjects Islamic civilization. Paris: Le Sycomore, 1990, 511 pages. La religion prêchée par lui a été un immense bienfait pour les races qui l'ont adoptée. Then, they devoted themselves to the study of sciences and arts, translation of Greek and Latin books into Arabic and foundation of universities that remained the only cultural refuge in Europe for a long time.”, “Sicily, at the time the Arabs left it, was culturally, industrially and socially higher than it had been when they entered it. As important as it might be and, in spite of the fact that a lot of topics and paragraphs deserve to be quoted here, the aim of the book permitted only to choose what seemed to me to be the clearest and most important. It exempts the patriarchs, monks and their servants from taxes. Islamic civilization-Muslim world. To receive the latest topics on email directly as they are published, All rights reserved to Islam story website ©2012.  Gustave La Bon, Les opinions et les croyances, (adapted from the Arabic translation), 6. La réalité historique de l’expansion de l’islam, par Gustave Le Bon Salim Laïbi, 3 ans de cela 2 min de lecture 578 Voici un texte qui semble largement ignoré par nos contemporains adeptes de la propagande anti-islam, n’hésitant pas une seconde à falsifier l’histoire et … Nevertheless, the Qur’an did not spread by the sword. He also made the Ka‘bah an Islamic place of worship and soon it became the main house of Islam.”, You are indeed on a high model of moral character, “Muhammad was a man of noble manners, wisdom, kindheartedness, compassion, mercy, truthfulness and trustworthiness.”, “Few are the nations that excelled the Arabs in civility. From La Civilization des Arabes (the Civilization of the Arabs): “Islam, from among all religions, best suits the science discoveries and is the most ready to edify souls and force them to abide by justice, kindness and toleration.”, “With the flourishing of Arab civilization, religious toleration was absolute – a fact for which we have brought more than one indication. In his sight, it does not deserve all what was said about it or about its leader, Charles Martel, who but stopped the Arab conquests only in northern France whilst their conquests went on in its south. This influence on the West could be perceived only by imagining the state in which Europe was before civilization was brought to it. ... Spain, the centers of learning in Central Asia, the mosques in Arab countries, etc. Among his famous books is La Civilization des Arabes (The Civilization of the Arabs), one of the most fundamental books written in Europe in the modern age, impartial and objective in judgment on Arab and Islamic civilization. From inside the book . Among his famous books is La Civilization des Arabes (The Civilization of the Arabs), one of the most fundamental books written in Europe in the modern age, impartial and objective in judgment on Arab and Islamic civilization. Gustave Le Bon war ein französischer Mediziner, Anthropologe, Psychologe, Soziologe und Erfinder. He also has many contributions in social sciences, the most important of which is the theory of Crowd Psychology which is a branch of social psychology. Gustave le Bon S'il faut juger de la valeur des hommes par la grandeur des œuvres qu'ils ont fondées, nous pouvons dire que Mahomet fut un des plus grands hommes qu'ait connus l'histoire. Gustave Le Bon. 1. Historically, because large groups of people have been able to bring about dramatic and sudden social change in a manner that bypasses the established due process, they have also provoked controversy. Click Get Books for free books. Thus, a lot of peoples very easily adopted their religion, systems and language, which established itself, resisted all invasions and survived even after the disappearance of Arab sovereignty from the scene. The opposite was true of the Arabs, who very quickly founded a new civilization extremely different from those prior to it and succeeded in attracting numerous peoples to their religion and language, not to mention their new civilization.”, Europe, in its civilization, is indebted to the Arabs, “The Arabs had a great influence on the West, and Europe, in its civilization, is indebted to the Arabs. Such toleration had not been attained in Europe even after suffering along one-thousand years of destructive wars, deep-rooted resentments and bloody carnages.”, “The reader will see, in our discussion of the conquests of the Arabs and the causes of their victory, that force was not the main factor of the spread of the Qur’an. ― Gustave Le Bon tags: islam, muhammad, muhammad-pbuh. In the following sentences I am going to quote from the books of many of them, which proves that our opinion on this issue is not just ours. The Spaniards accepted it willingly and submitted to the Arabs compliantly.”, No conquerors like the Arabs have ever been known, “The early conquests of the Arabs were supposed to blind their eyes and cause them to commit the same injustices usually done by conquerors, wrong the conquered and compel them to adopt their religion which they liked to spread all over the world. It was these who civilized Europe physically, mentally and morally and no nation along history has ever produced the like of what they produced within such a short time and no people have ever excelled them in artistic innovation.”, The best nation to be produced for the people, “However, the achievements made by Muhammad in the Arab territories went beyond those of all religions before Islam, including even Judaism and Christianity. He granted safety to its people and gave them a pledge of respect for their churches and property and prohibited Muslims to perform their rites in their synagogues.”, “‘Amr ibn al-‘Âs, in his conduct in Egypt, was no less kind. Gustave Le Bon, the well-known French thinker stated in his book "The Arab Civilization": "Islamic virtuous deeds are not limited to honoring and respecting women, but rather, we can add that Islam is the first religion to honor and respect women. Il n'a dû son empire qu'à sa supériorité. But it should be recognized today that all this was the work of the Arabs alone – an opinion opted for by all scholars who studied the Arab writings.”, “The more we delve into the study of Arab civilization, scientific books, arts and inventions, the more new facts and extensive horizons will appear to us. Such outcomes, as I have mentioned more than once, could never have been achieved by force nor had they been attained by these who ruled Egypt before the Arabs.”, “The Arabs completed the conquest of Spain very quickly because the big cities hastened to open their gates to the conquerors that entered Cordoba, Malaga, Granada and Toledo, almost with a peace treaty. Or, selon lui, la fin de l’Ancien Régime a entraîné un changement radical dans l’âme du peuple et fait entrer les sociétés dans l’« ère des foules ». Gustave le Bon (1841-1931) He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. world of Islamic civilization by Gustave Le Bon. 271 Want to read; ... From the Arab Conquests In the view of Dr. Martin Sicker, it was with the emergence of Islam that the combination of geopolitics and religion reached its most volatile form and .  Gustave La Bone, la religion et la vie, (adapted from the Arabic translation), 67. K likes. Mahomet a été le plus intelligent, le plus religieux, le plus clément des Arabes de son temps. Et les conséquences ne sont venues que pour Van Dyck et Thiago For Art of Islam, Gustave Le Bon collaborated with Elliott Flemming. No doubt, the barbarous Christian Europe would have gotten the same flourishing civilization which Spain obtained under the banner of Arab civilization and, after being edified, would have avoided such severe catastrophes of religious wars, the epic of San Barthélémy, the wrongdoings of inquisitions and, in short, all calamities from which the Muslims were far yet tinted Europe with blood along many centuries.”. Cette histoire mal aim e jusqu' nos jours se voit consacr un ouvrage d s 1900 par Gustave le Bon avec "La civilisation des arabes".Il y fait un expos passionnant de la contribution des arabes aux savoirs de l'humanit . The way the caliphs had to follow was very clear: they knew how to refrain from compelling anyone by force to leave his religion and not to put to sword those who did not embrace Islam. The Egyptians willingly accepted and were thankful for these conditions, which encouraged them to pay the Jizyah in advance. His works include: La Civilization des Arabes (1884); La Psychologie des Foules (1895); La Psychologie de l’éducation (1910); Les opinions et les croyances (1911); La révolution française et la psychologie des Révolutions (1912); Enseignements psychologiques de la guerre européenne (1915); Premières conséquences de la guerre (1916); Hier et demain. Indeed, the Arabs were no less influential to the West than they were to the East. The World Of Islamic Civilization Quote by Gustave Le Bon: "Muhammad is the greatest man that history ever knew..." at www.quoteslyfe.com. No ethnos like the Arabs could be fit for a living example of the influence of the factors lying behind the foundation, magnificence and decline of states.”. When the Christians conquered the Arabs of Andalusia, the Arabs favored to be killed and driven out entirely rather than to leave Islam. S'il faut juger de la valeur des hommes par la grandeur des œuvres qu'ils ont fondées, nous pouvons dire que Mahomet fut un des plus grands hommes qu'ait connus l'histoire. Ordinary people can typically gain direct power by acting collectively. Dune part, à une époque où la méthode devient importante, son « amateurisme » gêne ses contemporains tels que Durkheim1, sans que cela ait vraiment dinfluence sur son début de carrière. Gustave Le Bon, büyük bir … No nation has ever achieved the greatest number of inventions within the shortest time as the Arabs did. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. That went on until the end of the seventh century.
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